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SOEP-Core

Citation

  • Title: German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)
  • DOI: 10.5684/soep.v34
  • Authors: Stefan Liebig; Jan Goebel; David Richter; Carsten Schröder; Jürgen Schupp; Charlotte Bartels; Alexandra Fedorets; Andreas Franken; Marco Giesselmann; Markus Grabka; Jannes Jacobsen; Selin Kara; Peter Krause; Martin Kroh; Hannes Kröger; Maria Metzing; Jana Nebelin; Diana Schacht; Paul Schmelzer; Christian Schmitt; Daniel Schnitzlein; Rainer Siegers; Knut Wenzig; Stefan Zimmermann
  • URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5684/soep.v34

Publications using these data should cite the DOI (doi:10.5684/soep.v34) and include one of the following references:

Study Info

The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study is a wide-ranging annual representative longitudinal study of private households, located at the German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin. In 2017 more than 33,000 individuals im more than 19,000 households have been interviewed by the fieldwork organization Kantar Public. The data provide information on all household members, consisting of Germans living in the Eastern and Western German States, foreigners, and immigrants to Germany. The Panel was started in 1984. Some of the many topics include household composition, occupational biographies, employment, earnings, health and satisfaction indicators. As early as June 1990—even before the Economic, Social and Monetary Union—SOEP expanded to include the states of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), thus seizing the rare opportunity to observe the transformation of an entire society. Also immigrant samples were added in 1994/95 and 2013/2015 to account for the changes that took place in Germany society. Two samples of refugees were introduced in 2016, another one in 2017. Further new samples were added in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2017. The survey is constantly being adapted and developed in response to current social developments. The international version contains 95% of all cases surveyed (for citation please use the corresponding DOI 10.5684/soep.v34i).

A more detailled overview can be found in the SOEP Companion with the following chapters:

Method

Data collector: Kantar Public.

Population: Persons living in private households in Germany.

Selection method: All samples of SOEP are multi-stage random samples which are regionally clustered.

Collection mode: The interview methodology of the SOEP is based on a set of pre-tested questionnaires for households and individuals. Generally an interviewer tries to obtain face-to-face interviews with all members of a given survey household aged 16 years and over. Additionally one person (head of household) is asked to answer a household related questionnaire covering information on housing, housing costs, and different sources of income. This covers also some questions on children in the household up to 16 years of age, mainly concerning their enrollment in educational institutions (kindergarten, elementary school, etc.).

An overview of the sample sizes can be found in our Comapnion: "Development of Sample Sizes".

Questionnaire

The SOEP is presented to respondents and interviewers under the easy-to-remember name “Living in Germany.” This umbrella term covers a total of 13 different field instruments, one contact protocol, and 12 questionnaires, most of them processed with PAPI as well as CAPI or CAWI. All printed questionnaires are available in quotable form as SOEP Survey Papers.

An overview about the questionnaires in SOEP is available in the SOEP Companion

The most current questionnaires (Survey year 2017) are:

Data access

To ensure the confidentiality of respondents’ information, the SOEP adheres to strict security standards in the provision of SOEP data. The data are reserved exclusively for research use, that is, they are provided only to the scientific community. All users, both within the EEA (and Switzerland) and outside these countries, are required to sign a data distribution contract. You can apply for a contract using the “Application data distribution contract” at right under Forms PDF. If you are a student (PhD, doctoral, or undergraduate), the professor advising you would have to sign this contract. If the professor advising you has already signed a data distribution contract with us, please use the attached form Addendum to an Existing Data Distribution Contract or send an email SOEPHotline (soepmail@diw.de).

After users have signed or updated their data distribution contract with DIW Berlin, they will receive the SOEP dataset by personalized encrypted download. At the SOEP Data Research Center, users can also access small-scale regional data that can be linked to the SOEP data.

Topics

A relatively stable set of core questions asked every year covering the main areas of interest of the SOEP:

  • population and demographics
  • education, training, and qualifications
  • labor market and occupational dynamics
  • earnings, income, and social security
  • housing
  • health
  • household production
  • preferences and values
  • satisfaction with life in general and with certain aspects of life.

Additionally, each year, topical modules provide more in-depth information on (at least) one of these areas by asking detailed questions. Most of these modules appear in the individual questionnaires and only a few are additions to the household questionnaire. Since the year 2001, the data have been enriched further through the addition of health measure well-known psychological constructs, as well as age- specific questionnaires.

In our SOEP Companion you will find also an introduction to the different topics covered by the SOEP survey.

Data Structure

SOEP-Core contains a multitude of different datasets (there were over 450 different files in the 2018 data distribution, v34). The following simplified categorization gives a general picture of the data: there are datafiles that describe the development of the sample such that the user knows which person or household was part of the interviewed sample in any given year (PATH files). Then there is on big file, including all data from the wave-specific original data files, that contain the data from each year’s questionnaires without any changes except for very basic consistency checks (PL file). To help the user with the data, there are also additional generated data. These contain consistently coded variables at the household level (HGEN) and at the individual level (PGEN). The SOEP also provides various data on the respondent’s background, refeered to as biographical data (BIO files). These can be separated conceptually into unchanging biographical data (such as information on parental education or data from the mother-child questionnaires) and regularly updated data when changes take place in a respondent’s life (birth, children recorded in the respondent`s birh biography, job changes recorded in the job history). Finally, there are some files that cannot be easily categorized: some are datasets collected only once, some provide information about the interviewers, some about respondents outside of Germany.

For a more detailed view on the different datasets and in which directory you will find which dataset, please have a look in the section about the data distribution file in our SOEP companion.

Because of the overall data structure with data on different observational levels, analysis requires data to be combined using matching or merging procedures. These merging procedures need identifiers to allow datasets to be conbinated. The central individual identifier across time is PID, which is fixed over time (and of course over datasets). Since a person might move to a different household at any point in time, yearly household identifiers called HID are necessary. The differentiate individuals or households over time you need in addition the variable identifying the survey year (variable SYEAR). Finally, each individual (respondent or child) can be traced back to a member or a split-off from an original SOEP household in the SAMPLE SPECIFIC first wave. This household’s ID, which is fixed no matter how often a person changes household in the course of time, is called CID. All these identifiers are included in the aforementioned master file PPATHL including the wave specific identifier for the households, HID.

A comprehensive description of the data structure and examples how to work with SOEP data are available in the SOEP companion.

Missing conventions

Survey variables might be missing, that is, lacking a valid code or value for different reasons. In the SOEP, negative values are not valid for any variable, but are used instead to code different reasons for missing information. There are two distinctions for missing values: they may originate in the respondent’s answer or in the survey design. The respondent may refuse or not know an answer or she may report invalid values on the one hand, and the interview design may exclude respondents with certain characteristics from some questions on the other (e.g., men will never be asked if they are pregnant). The following codes apply:

Code Meaning
-1 no answer /don`t know
-2 does not apply
-3 implausible value
-4 inadmissible multiple response
-5 not included in this version of the questionnaire
-6 version of questionnaire with modified filtering
-8 question not part of the survey programm this year*

*Only applicable for datasets in long format.

Other material and Notes

More detailed documentation is available online.

Study info

Name: soep-core

Label: SOEP-Core

Datasets: 473

Variables: 90403

Instruments: 46

Questions: 6185

Attachments:

Datasets

Name Label Conceptual Period Analysis unit
abroad Questionnaire for people moved abroad Original (top level folder) unspecified person
ah Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 household
ahbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1984 household
ahgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1984 household
akind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1984 person
ap Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 person
apausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1984 person
apbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1984 person
apequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1984 person
apgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1984 person
apkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1984 person
artkalen Spell data from the activity calendar Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
bah Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 household
bahbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2010 household
bahgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2010 household
bajugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2010 person
bakind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2010 person
bap Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 person
bapbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2010 person
bapequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2010 person
bapgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2010 person
bapkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2010 person
bapluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2010 person
bavp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2010 person
bbh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 household
bbhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2011 household
bbhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2011 household
bbjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2011 person
bbkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2011 person
bbp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 person
bbpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2011 person
bbpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2011 person
bbpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2011 person
bbpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2011 person
bbpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2011 person
bbvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2011 person
bch Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 household
bchbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2012 household
bchgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2012 household
bcjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2012 person
bckind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2012 person
bcp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 person
bcpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2012 person
bcpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2012 person
bcpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2012 person
bcpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2012 person
bcpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2012 person
bcvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2012 person
bdh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 household
bdhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2013 household
bdhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2013 household
bdjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2013 person
bdkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2013 person
bdp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 person
bdp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 person
bdpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2013 person
bdpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2013 person
bdpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2013 person
bdpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2013 person
bdpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2013 person
bdvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2013 person
beh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 household
behbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2014 household
behgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2014 household
bejugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bekind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bep Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bep_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bepbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2014 person
bepequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2014 person
bepgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2014 person
bepkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2014 person
bepluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2014 person
beschool Questionnaire: Pre-teen, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bevp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2014 person
bfh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 household
bfhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2015 household
bfhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2015 household
bfjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2015 person
bfpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2015 person
bfpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2015 person
bfpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2015 person
bfpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bfvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2015 person
bgh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 household
bgh_refugees Household questionnaire Refugee Sample Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bghbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2016 household
bghgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2016 household
bgjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgp_mig IAB-SOEP Migration Sample: Original Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgp_refugees Personal questionnaire Refugee Sample, incl. biography Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2016 person
bgpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2016 person
bgpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2016 person
bgpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2016 person
bgpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgschool2 Questionnaire: Early Youth, 14-15 years old Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bgvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2016 person
bh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 household
bhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1985 household
bhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1985 household
bhh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2017 household
bhhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2017 household
bhhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2017 household
bhjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bhkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bhp Individual questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bhpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2017 person
bhpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2017 person
bhpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2017 person
bhpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2017 person
bhschool Questionnaire: Early Youth, 12-13 years old Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bhschool2 Questionnaire: Early Youth, 14-15 years old Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bhvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2017 person
bioage17 Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
bioagel Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biobirth Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biocouplm Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
biocouply Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
bioedu Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
bioimmig Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biojob Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biol Biographical Data Original (raw folder) unspecified person
biomarsm Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
biomarsy Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
bioparen Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biopupil Generated biographical information Gen. Biographical (top level folder) unspecified person
bioresid Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biosib Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biosoc Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
biotwin Generated biographical information Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
bkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1985 person
bp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 person
bpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 person
bpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1985 person
bpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1985 person
bpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1985 person
bpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1985 person
bpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1985 person
camces Highest Educational Qualification, Migrants Sample M1 and M2 Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
ch Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 household
chbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1986 household
chgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1986 household
cirdef Random groups Survey (raw folder) unspecified household
ckind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1986 person
cog_refu Data on cognitive tests (Refugees) Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
cogdj Data on cognitive tests (Youth) Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
cognit Data on cognitive potential Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
cp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 person
cpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 person
cpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1986 person
cpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1986 person
cpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1986 person
cpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1986 person
cpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1986 person
design Survey design Survey (top level folder) unspecified household
dh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 household
dhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1987 household
dhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1987 household
dkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1987 person
dp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 person
dpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 person
dpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1987 person
dpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1987 person
dpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1987 person
dpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1987 person
dpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1987 person
eh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 household
ehbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1988 household
ehgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1988 household
einkalen [deprecated] Spell data on income Spell (raw folder) unspecified person
ekind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1988 person
ep Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 person
epausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 person
epbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1988 person
epequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1988 person
epgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1988 person
epkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1988 person
epluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1988 person
ev First wealth module Original (raw folder) 1988 person
exit Cumulative drop-outs Survey (raw folder) unspecified person
fh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 household
fhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1989 household
fhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1989 household
fkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1989 person
fp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 person
fpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 person
fpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1989 person
fpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1989 person
fpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1989 person
fpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1989 person
fpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1989 person
gh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 household
ghbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1990 household
ghgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1990 household
ghost East specific questions from the Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 household
gkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1990 person
gp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 person
gpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 person
gpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1990 person
gpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1990 person
gpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1990 person
gpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1990 person
gpkalost Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1990 person
gpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 person
gpost East specific questions from the Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1990 person
gripstr Measured grip strength (left and right hand) Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
hbrutt Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (top level folder) unspecified household
hbrutt00 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2000 household
hbrutt02 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2002 household
hbrutt06 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2006 household
hbrutt09 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2009 household
hbrutt10 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2010 household
hbrutt11 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2011 household
hbrutt12 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2012 household
hbrutt13 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2013 household
hbrutt15 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2015 household
hbrutt16 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2016 household
hbrutt17 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 2017 household
hbrutt84 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 1984 household
hbrutt98 Original gross population of the sample specific first wave Gross (raw folder) 1998 household
hbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (top level folder) unspecified household
hconsum HH consume module Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
health Data on health indicators Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
hgen Generated Household Data Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
hh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 household
hhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1991 household
hhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1991 household
hhrf Weighting and staying probabilities Survey (raw folder) unspecified household
hkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1991 person
hl Original Household Data Original (top level folder) unspecified household
hp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 person
hpath Household Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified household
hpathl Household Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified household
hpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 person
hpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1991 person
hpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1991 person
hpfad Household Tracking File Tracking (raw folder) unspecified household
hpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1991 person
hpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1991 person
hpkalost Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1991 person
hpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 person
hpost East specific questions from the Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1991 person
hwealth Wealth module Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
ih Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 household
ihbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1992 household
ihgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1992 household
ikind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1992 person
interviewer Data about the SOEP Interviewer Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
ip Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 person
ipausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 person
ipbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1992 person
ipequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1992 person
ipgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1992 person
ipkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1992 person
ipluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1992 person
jh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 household
jhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1993 household
jhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1993 household
jkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1993 person
jp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 person
jpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 person
jpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1993 person
jpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1993 person
jpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1993 person
jpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1993 person
jpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1993 person
jugendl Youth questionnaire Original (top level folder) unspecified person
kh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 household
khbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1994 household
khgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1994 household
kidlong Data on children Original (top level folder) unspecified person
kkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1994 person
kp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 person
kpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 person
kpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1994 person
kpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1994 person
kpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1994 person
kpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1994 person
kpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1994 person
lh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 household
lhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1995 household
lhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1995 household
lifespell Spell Information on the Pre- and Post-Survey History of SOEP-Respondents Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
lkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1995 person
lp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 person
lpausl Migrant specific questions in the Personal Questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 person
lpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1995 person
lpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1995 person
lpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1995 person
lpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1995 person
lpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1995 person
mh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 household
mhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1996 household
mhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1996 household
migspell Migration history Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
mihinc Multiple imputed data on monthly household income Generated (top level folder) unspecified household
mkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1996 person
mp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 person
mpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1996 person
mpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1996 person
mpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1996 person
mpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1996 person
mpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1996 person
nh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 household
nhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1997 household
nhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1997 household
nkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1997 person
np Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 person
npbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1997 person
npequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1997 person
npgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1997 person
npkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1997 person
npluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1997 person
oh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 household
ohbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1998 household
ohgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1998 household
okind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1998 person
op Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 person
opbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1998 person
opequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1998 person
opgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1998 person
opkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1998 person
opluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1998 person
pbiospe Generated biographical information Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
pbr_exit Cumulated Exit Tracking (top level folder) unspecified person
pbr_hhch PBR_HHCH Survey (top level folder) unspecified person
pbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (top level folder) unspecified person
pequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
pflege Persons needing care within the household Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
pgen Generated Individual Data Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
ph Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 household
phbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 1999 household
phgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 1999 household
phrf Weighting and staying probabilities Survey (raw folder) unspecified person
pkal Individual Calendar Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
pkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 1999 person
pl Original Individual Data Original (top level folder) unspecified person
plueckel Catch-up questionnaire Original (top level folder) unspecified person
pp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 person
ppath Individual Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified person
ppathl Individual Tracking File Tracking (top level folder) unspecified person
ppbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 1999 person
ppequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 1999 person
ppfad Individual Tracking File Tracking (raw folder) unspecified person
ppgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 1999 person
ppkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 1999 person
ppluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 1999 person
pwealth Wealth module Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
qh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 household
qhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2000 household
qhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2000 household
qjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2000 person
qkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2000 person
qp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 person
qpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2000 person
qpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2000 person
qpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2000 person
qpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2000 person
qpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2000 person
refugspell Migration history Spell (top level folder) unspecified person
rh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 household
rhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2001 household
rhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2001 household
rjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2001 person
rkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2001 person
rp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 person
rpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2001 person
rpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2001 person
rpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2001 person
rpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2001 person
rpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2001 person
sh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 household
shbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2002 household
shgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2002 household
sjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2002 person
skind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2002 person
sozkalen [deprecated] Spell data on social benefits Spell (raw folder) unspecified person
sp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 person
spbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2002 person
spequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2002 person
spgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2002 person
spkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2002 person
spluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2002 person
th Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 household
thbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2003 household
thgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2003 household
timepref Experiment on time preferences Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
tjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2003 person
tkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2003 person
tp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 person
tpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2003 person
tpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2003 person
tpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2003 person
tpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2003 person
tpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2003 person
trust Experiment on trust Generated (top level folder) unspecified person
uh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 household
uhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2004 household
uhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2004 household
ujugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2004 person
ukind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2004 person
up Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 person
upbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2004 person
upequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2004 person
upgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2004 person
upkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2004 person
upluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2004 person
vh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 household
vhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2005 household
vhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2005 household
vjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2005 person
vkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2005 person
vp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 person
vpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2005 person
vpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2005 person
vpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2005 person
vpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2005 person
vpl Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (top level folder) unspecified person
vpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2005 person
wh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 household
whbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2006 household
whgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2006 household
wjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2006 person
wkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2006 person
wp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 person
wpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2006 person
wpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2006 person
wpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2006 person
wpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2006 person
wpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2006 person
xh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 household
xhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2007 household
xhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2007 household
xjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2007 person
xkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2007 person
xp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 person
xpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2007 person
xpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2007 person
xpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2007 person
xpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2007 person
xpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2007 person
yh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 household
yhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2008 household
yhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2008 household
yjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2008 person
ykind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2008 person
yp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 person
ypbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2008 person
ypequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2008 person
ypgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2008 person
ypkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2008 person
ypluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2008 person
zh Household questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 household
zhbrutto Gross Household Data Gross (raw folder) 2009 household
zhgen Generated Household Data Generated (raw folder) 2009 household
zjugend Youth questionnaire for first time respondents at age 17 Original (raw folder) 2009 person
zkind Data on children (from HH-Questionnaire) Original (raw folder) 2009 person
zp Personal questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 person
zpbrutto Gross Individual Data Gross (raw folder) 2009 person
zpequiv Cross-national Equivalent File Generated (raw folder) 2009 person
zpgen Generated Individual Data Generated (raw folder) 2009 person
zpkal Individual Calendar Generated (raw folder) 2009 person
zpluecke Catch-up questionnaire Original (raw folder) 2009 person
zvp Questionnaire: the deceased person Original (raw folder) 2009 person

Instruments

Name Label Period Analysis Unit
soep-core-1984-pe Individual 1984 1984
soep-core-2015-hh Household 2015 2015
soep-core-2015-ll Biography 2015 2015
soep-core-2016-e1 Mother and Child (Newborns) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-e2 Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-e3 Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-e4 Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-e5 Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-gk Grip Strength 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-hh Household (PAPI) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-hh-m12 Household (M1/M2) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-hh-m34 Household (M3/M4) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-ju Youth (16-17-year-olds, A-L1) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-ju-m12 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M1/M2) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-l Catch-up Individual 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-ll Biography 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-p-m12 Individual (M1/M2, Follow-up) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-pb-m12-erst Individual and Biography (M1/M2, Initial Interview) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-pb-m34 Individual and Biography (M3/M4) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-pe Individual 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-s Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-s2 Early Youth (13-14-year-olds) 2016 2016
soep-core-2016-vp Deceased Individual 2016 2016
soep-core-2017-e1 Mother and Child (Newborns) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-e2 Mother and Child (2-3-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-e3 Mother and Child (5-6-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-e4 Parents and Child (7-8-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-e5 Mother and Child (9-10-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-hh Household (PAPI) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-hh-m12 Household (M1/M2) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-hh-m34 Household (M3/M4) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-hh-m5 Household (M5) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-ju Youth (16-17-year-olds, PAPI) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-ju-m12 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M1/M2) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-ju-m34 Youth (16-17-year-olds, M3/M4) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-ki-m34 Childhood (0-10-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-l Catch-up Individual 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-ll Biography 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-p-m12 Individual (M1/M2, Follow-up) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-pb-m12-erst Individual and Biography (M1/M2, Initial Interview) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-pb-m34-wieder Individual and Biography (M3/M4, Follow-up) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-pb-m345-erst Individual and Biography (M3-M5, Initial Interview) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-pe Individual (PAPI) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-s Pre-teen (11-12-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-s2 Early Youth (13-14-year-olds) 2017 2017
soep-core-2017-vp Deceased Individual 2017 2017

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