Individual and Biography (M3/M4) 2016 [instrument]

The influx of refugees to Germany, which rose sharply in the second half of 2015, poses challenges for public policy, government administration, and the population at large. To effectively coordinate lodging and assistance for these refugees and to foster their long-term integration into the labor market, educational system, and other societal spheres, robust and reliable information is needed that can be generalized and applied usefully to the challenges at hand. It is up to the empirical social research to provide a data base for these purposes.
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To meet this need, the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) of the Federal Employment Agency, Research Centre on Migration, Integration, and Asylum of the Federal Office of Migration and Refugees (BAMF-FZ), and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at DIW Berlin are conducting a comprehensive standardized survey of refugees in Germany based on a qualitative preliminary study. Participation in the survey is voluntary, and the survey is being conducted by specially trained interviewers from the survey institute commissioned to do the fieldwork, TNS Sozialforschung in Munich. Conceptualized as a longitudinal study, the survey will be carried out in 2016, 2017, and 2018. In the first wave of the survey in 2016, the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Refugee Sample will cover nearly 2,000 adult refugees who arrived in Germany since 2013 seeking asylum.
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Questions about refugees’ living situations and the overall framework conditions
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The study looks at the living situations of refugees as well as their schooling, vocational training, and current occupational situations. It also collects information on refugees’ language use, living situations, family situations, social participation, and contact with both Germans and people of their own ethnic backgrounds. Other focal points of the study, which is conducted using standardized survey instruments, are the impacts of the legal and institutional frameworks for refugees and the effectiveness of various support programs.
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Project Manager

Herbert Brücker (IAB)

Renate Leistner-Rocca (BAMF)

Martin Kroh & Jürgen Schupp (SOEP)
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Survey Management

Elisabeth Liebau (SOEP)

Manuel Siegert (BAMF)

Ehsan Vallizadeh (IAB)
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Survey Institute

Axel Glemser (TNS Infrastest Sozialforschung, Munich)

Andreas Stocker (TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, Munich)
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Survey Documentation

Knut Wenzig (SOEP)

Questions

Sort Question Name
0 Living in Germany Survey for the life situation of asylum seekers in Germany 2016 b001
1 Which language combination should be used for the interview? sp1
2 As already described in the brochure, we are asking you to take part in this survey. Participation in this survey is voluntary. If you take part and do not wish to answer certain questions for personal reasons,  you can decide not to answer these que 0
3 Personal details b002
4 No. household pa01
5 No. person pa02
6 Your first name: pa1
7 Your gender: pa3
8 Your date of birth: pa2
9 What is your country of citizenship? 1
10 Country of Origin b003
11 Which country were you born in? 2
12 In which region were you born? 3a
13 In which region were you born? 3b
14 In which region were you born? 3c
15 In which region were you born? 3d
16 In which region were you born? 3e
17 In which region were you born? 3f
18 In which region were you born? 3g
19 In which region were you born? 3h
20 In which region were you born? 3j
21 In which region were you born? 3k
22 In which region were you born? 3l
23 In which region were you born? 3m
24 In which region were you born? 3n
25 In which region were you born? 3o
26 In which region were you born? 3p
27 In which region were you born? 3q
28 In which region were you born? 3r
29 In which region were you born? 3s
30 In which region were you born? 3t
31 In which region were you born? 3u
32 In which region were you born? 4a
33 In which region were you born? 4b
34 In which region were you born? 4c
35 In which region were you born? 4d
36 In which region were you born? 4e
37 In which region were you born? 4f
38 In which region were you born? 4g
39 In which region were you born? 4h
40 In which region were you born? 4i
41 Journey to Germany b006
42 Many people settle in several countries during their lifetime. What happened in your case? We are interested to know which countries you have lived in for more than three months. First of all we'd like to know when you first moved away from your country of birth? If you can't remember exactly when, please give an approximate date. 5
43 Was Germany the first country you moved to, or was it another country? 6
44 Did you move away from Germany again after that? 8
45 When did you return to your country of birth? 9
46 When did you move to the other country? 10
47 Which country did you move to? 11
48 Did you escape from this country, for example due to war, famine, persecution, or did you leave this country for other reasons? 12
49 Was Germany the first country you moved to after this, or was it another country? 13
50 When did you move to Germany in this case? 15
51 [No question. Only for routing.] 16vd
52 Now I'd like to talk about the last country where you lived for more than 3 months before you moved to Germany, i.e. <country>. 16v
53 What did you live on in this other country? 17
54 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 18
55 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 19
56 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 20
57 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 21
58 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 22
59 What was the average amount per month in euros or US dollars that you had to pay out of your own savings to live on in this other country? 23
60 When you moved to this country, what were you planning to do? 24
61 What were the main reasons that made you then leave this country? 25
62 How many days did it take to travel from this country to Germany? 26
63 How many days did it take to travel from your country of birth to Germany? 27
64 Next, we have a few questions about the experiences connected with your escape. Some of the questions will be about negative experiences. Would you like to answer questions about this subject or would you prefer not to answer these questions? 28v
65 What means of transport did you use to travel to or escape to Germany? 28
66 How much did you pay for this form of transport in euros or US dollars in total? 29
67 How much did you pay for accommodation during this journey or escape, in euros or US dollars, in total? 30
68 How much did you pay for escape agents/ traffickers during this journey or escape, in euros or US dollars, in total? 31
69 How did you finance the cost of the journey or escape? 32
70 During the journey or escape, did you experience one or more of the following? 33
71 When did you arrive in Germany? 34
72 Did you arrive in Germany alone or with family members or friends/acquaintances? 35
73 What were the main reasons that made you leave your country of origin? 36
74 What were your reasons for specifically moving to Germany and not to another country? 37
75 Did any relatives or acquaintances who already lived in Germany help you move to Germany? 38
76 Legal Status b007
77 When were your personal details recorded and when were you issued with an asylum seeker registration certificate (BÜMA) or proof of arrival? 39
78 Have you already officially applied for asylum at the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF)? 40
79 Is this current application for asylum the first time you applied for asylum at the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees? 41
80 When did you first apply for asylum at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees? 42
81 Has the official interview for your current asylum application to the Federal Office for Migration und Refugees already taken place? 43
82 When did the official interview for your current application for asylum at the Federal Office for Migration und Refugees take place? 44
83 Has an official decision regarding your application for asylum been made yet by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees ? 45
84 When was the decision regarding your application for asylum made? 46
85 Has your application for asylum been approved by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees? 47
86 Have you officially challenged the decision and brought a court action against the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees? 48
87 Was your court action against the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees successful? 49
88 Which residence title do you currently hold? If you are not sure which residence title you hold, please check the Immigration Authority's label in your passport. 50
89 Lodging and Living Situation b008
90 Is your current accommodation your first accommodation in Germany or have you previously lived in one or more other forms of accommodation in Germany? 51
91 Now, please think of the accommodation in which you were housed the longest in Germany before your current accommodation. 52v
92 What type of accommodation did you live in? 52
93 When did you move into this accommodation? 53
94 How many days did you live in this accommodation? 54
95 Where was this accommodation? 55
96 In this accommodation, what was the approximate percentage of people who come from the same country of origin as you? 56
97 When did you move into the accommodation that you are living in now? 57
98 How satisfied are you in general with your current living arrangements? 58
99 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the quality of the food? 59
100 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the noise level? 60
101 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the privacy that you have? 61
102 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the leisure opportunities? 62
103 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the public transport connections? 63
104 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the safety of your neighbourhood? 64
105 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with safety in the accommodation itself? 65
106 In your current living arrangements, how satisfied are you with the opportunities provided to learn German in your accommodation or nearby? 66
107 Planned Duration of Stay in Germany b009
108 How often have you personally experienced being disadvantaged in Germany because of your origin? 67
109 Would you like to stay in Germany permanently? 68
110 How long would you like to stay in Germany? 69
111 How many years would you like to stay in Germany? 70
112 What needs to change in your country of origin so that you could return there? 71
113 Language Proficiency b010
114 Which language is your mother tongue? 72
115 How well can you speak your native language? 73
116 How well can you write in your native language? 74
117 How well can you read in your native language? 75
118 Is your native language also the official language taught in schools in your country of origin? 76
119 In your country of origin, which language is the official national language which is also taught in schools? 77
120 How well can you speak this official language? 78
121 How well can you write in this official language? 79
122 How well can you read in this official language? 80
123 How well can you speak English? 81
124 How well can you write in English? 82
125 How well can you read in English? 83
126 How well can you speak French? 84
127 How well can you write in French? 85
128 How well can you read in French? 86
129 How well can you speak German? 87
130 How well can you write in German ? 88
131 How well can you read in German ? 89
132 Can you speak any other languages apart from those already mentioned? 90
133 How well could you speak German before you moved to Germany? 91
134 How well could you write in German before you moved to Germany? 92
135 How well could you read in German before you moved to Germany? 93
136 Courses and Government Measures b017
137 Have you attended an integration course organised by the German Federal Ministry for Migration and Refugees (BAMF)? 94
138 When did the integration course start? 95
139 When did the integration course finish? 96
140 Did you take a German language test in order to complete your integration course? 97
141 For which language ability level did you get certification in the integration course? 98
142 How helpful did you find the integration course for learning German? 99
143 Have you participated in an ESF BAMF course to learn vocational German? 100
144 When did your ESF BAMF course to learn vocational German start? 101
145 When did your ESF BAMF course to learn vocational German finish? 102
146 Did you take a German test in order to complete the ESF BAMF vocational German course? 103
147 Which language ability level certification did you get in the ESF-BAMF course for vocational German? 104
148 How helpful did you find the ESF-BAMF course for learning vocational German? 105
149 Have you attended an entry course for German language skills organised by the German Federal Employment Agency (pursuant to Section 421 Social Code [SGB] III 106
150 When did the entry course for German language skills start? 107
151 When did the entry course for German language skills finish? 108
152 Did you take a German language test in order to complete your entry course for German language skills? 109
153 Which language ability level certification did you get in the entry course for German language skills? 110
154 How helpful did you find the entry course for German language skills? 111
155 Have you attended the “Perspectives for Refugees” course organised by the German Federal Employment Agency [Bundesagentur für Arbeit]? 112
156 When did the “Perspectives for Refugees” course start? 113
157 When did the “Perspectives for Refugees” course finish? 114
158 Did you take a German language test in order to complete the “Perspectives for Refugees” course? 115
159 Which language ability level certification did you get in the “Perspectives for Refugees” course? 116
160 How helpful did you find the “Perspectives for Refugees” course for learning vocational German? 117
161 Have you attended the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course organised by the German Federal Employment Agency [Bundesagentur für Arbeit]? 118
162 When did the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course start? 119
163 When did the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course finish? 120
164 Did you take a German language test in order to complete the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course? 121
165 Which language ability level certification did you get in the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course? 122
166 How helpful did you find the “Perspectives for Young Refugees” course for learning vocational German? 123
167 Have you attended any other German language courses? 124
168 When did this other German language course start? 125
169 When did this other German language course finish? 126
170 Did you take a German language test in order to complete your other German language course? 127
171 Which language ability level certification did you get in this other German language course? 128
172 How helpful did you find this other German language course? 129
173 Have you used any of the following options in order to improve your German language skills? 130
174 Help, support, and advice in Germany b024
175 If you are new to a country, it is sometimes difficult to manage in different situations. The following questions are about whether, since your arrival in Germany, you have received help from authorities in various areas. 131v
176 Have you received legal advice on refugee and asylum issues? 131
177 Have you received help to learn the German language? 132
178 Have you received help to look for employment? 133
179 Have you received help to look for schools, higher education institutions/universities, training places or further education/training courses? 134
180 Have you received help to get your educational qualifications or vocational training qualifications recognised here? 135
181 Have you received help to look for accommodation? 136
182 Have you received help to look for health care? 137
183 Have you received help to secure your financial situation? This includes help in gaining access to state payments. 138
184 Have you received help to look for childcare, school places, educational/training places for your child/children? 139
185 The following questions are about whether you know of certain advisory services and information resources here in Germany, and whether you have made use of them. 140v
186 Do you know about the refugee and asylum advice services available? 140
187 Do you know the Migration Advice Service for Adult Immigrants (MBE)? 141
188 Do you know the Youth Migration Services (JMD)? 142
189 Do you know the general employment market advisory service at the German Federal Employment Agency [Bundesagentur für Arbeit], the Jobcenter? 143
190 Do you know about the job advisory service at the German Federal Employment Agency [Bundesagentur für Arbeit], the Jobcenter? 144
191 Employment b027
192 Employment Prior to Immigration b028
193 How old were you when you worked for the first time in your life? 145
194 What was the last job you had in your country of origin? 146
195 Which professional position did you hold? 147
196 In which economic sector, which branch of industry or which service area was the company or institution in that you worked for? 148
197 Was your occupation officially registered? 149
198 How many hours of your work time on average did this occupation account for per week? 150
199 Now we would like to talk about your last monthly net income in this occupation. Please first specify the currency in which you were paid, then the amount. 151
200 How much was your last monthly net income for this occupation, i.e. the amount paid to you in the aforementioned currency? 152
201 If you compare your net income at that time with the income of other people in your country, how would you describe your level of net income there? 153
202 How satisfied were you with your personal income at that time? 154
203 How satisfied were you with your work situation at that time? 155
204 In what year and what month did you last work in this occupation? 156
205 Please think back to the time before the crisis, the war or the conflict in your country of origin. 157v
206 How would you estimate your financial situation at that time with the income of other people in your country? 157
207 How satisfied were you with your living arrangements at that time? 158
208 How satisfied were you with your health at that time? 159
209 How satisfied were you with your life in general at that time? 160
210 Current Employment Status b029
211 Are you currently working? 161
212 Are you planning to work (again) in the future? 162
213 Approximately when do you want to start working? 163
214 Have you actively looked for a job during the last four weeks? 164
215 Which of the following options have you used so far to find a job? 165
216 Is this work the first work you have done in Germany? 166
217 In which year did you have your first job in Germany? 167
218 How did you find out about this first job you had in Germany? 168
219 Current Job b030
220 When did you start working for your current employer? 169
221 How did you find out about this job you had in Germany? 170
222 What is your current occupation? 171
223 Is this the work for which you are trained? 172
224 What kind of training is usually required for this occupation? 173
225 In which economic sector/branch of industry/service area is the company or institution that you work for? 174
226 Which job position do you currently hold? 175
227 Which job position do you currently hold as a worker? 176
228 Which job position do you currently hold as a permanent employee? 177
229 In which profession do you currently work self-employed? 178
230 How many employees do you have? 178a
231 Which job position do you currently hold as an apprentice/trainee or intern? 179
232 Do you work in the public service (e.g. federal government, regional government, local government)? 180
233 Are you employed on a temporary or subcontracted basis? 181
234 Do you have a permanent or a fixed-term employment contract? 182
235 Is it an Employment Agency or Jobcenter scheme job (including “1 euro jobs")? 183
236 How many people are employed in total by the company/organisation? This does not mean just those working at the local company/organisation office/site. 184
237 What were your gross earnings, including overtime paid, in the past month? 185
238 What were your net earnings for the past month, after deductions for taxes and social insurance contributions, including overtime payments? 186
239 How satisfied are you currently with your personal income? 187
240 How satisfied are you with your current work situation? 188
241 State Benefits b027b
242 The following questions are to do with state benefits or other financial support. 189v
243 In the last month, have you received any benefits pursuant to the Asylum Seekers’ Benefits Act (AsylbLG)? 189
244 What was the amount that you received last month under the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act (AsylbLG)? 190
245 In the last month, have you personally received income support? 191
246 How much were you paid in income support? 192
247 In the last month, have you personally received unemployment benefit? 193
248 How much unemployment benefit was paid to you in the last month? 194
249 In the last month, have you personally received any benefit payments under the BAföG [German regulation governing financial assistance for students of higher education], a grant, bursary or a vocational training allowance? 195
250 How much was the payment that you received under the BAföG, the grant or bursary or vocational training allowance in the last month? 196
251 In the last month, have you personally received any other financial support? 197
252 What was the total amount of other financial support paid to you in the last month? 198
253 The following questions aim to illustrate what a typical day looks like for you currently. For the following activities, please indicate how many hours you spend on each one in an average working day 199v
254 Learning the German language? 199
255 Training, continuing professional development, studying; including school, university studies or doctoral studies? 200
256 Employment or part-time employment, including journey time? 201
257 Visits to authorities? 202
258 Errands and shopping? 203
259 Housework such as washing, cooking, cleaning? 204
260 Looking after children? 205
261 Looking after and treatment of people requiring care? 206
262 Performing building flat / apartment / house repairs, car repairs, gardening work? 207
263 Physical activities such as sports, fitness, exercise? 208
264 Other leisure activities and hobbies? 209
265 How often do you spend time with people from your country of origin who are not related to you? 210
266 How often do you spend time with German people? 211
267 How often do you spend time with people from other countries? 212
268 How many people from your country of origin have you met since your arrival in Germany with whom you have regular contact? 213
269 How many German people have you met since your arrival in Germany with whom you have regular contact? 214
270 How many people from other countries have you met since your arrival in Germany with whom you have regular contact? 215
271 Normal Daily Life, Leisure Activities, and Contact with Acquaintances b031
272 SOEP Educational and Employment Biography b032
273 We would now like to ask you about your own life from the age of 15 years old. For each age from 15 years old, please state which of the following activities you were pursuing at that time. If more than one activity is relevant for any given age then please indicate all relevant activities. 216v
274 Which of the following activities did you pursue between the ages of 15 and 24? At the age of ... I was ... 216
275 Which of the following activities did you pursue between the ages of 25 and 34? At the age of ... I was ... 217
276 Which of the following activities did you pursue between the ages of 35 and 44? At the age of ... I was ... 218
277 Which of the following activities did you pursue between the ages of 45 and 54? At the age of ... I was ... 219
278 Which of the following activities did you pursue between the ages of 55 and 65? At the age of ... I was ... 220
279 Training and educational qualifications b033
280 Next we want to ask you for more detailed information on some points of your life history related to school, higher education / university studies and vocational training. First, on your general education schooling 221v
281 In which year did you last attend a general-education school? 221
282 Was the last school you attended in Germany or in another country? 222
283 What school-leaving qualifications do you have? 223
284 Have you attended school in any country other than Germany? 224
285 Please answer the questions below about the school that you last attended in a country other than Germany. 225v
286 In which country did you last attend school? 225
287 What kind of school did you last attend in this country? 226
288 What kind of certificate did you leave this school with? 227
289 How many years did you attend school in total? 228
290 Are you aiming to obtain a school leaving certificate in Germany in the future? 229
291 What is the highest school leaving certificate that you are aiming for? 230
292 Were you in vocational training in a country other than Germany or did you study (at higher education level) in a country other than Germany 231
293 What type of vocational training or higher education / university studies was it? 232
294 Workplace Training, Vocational Training Programs, Duration of Training, and Recognition b034
295 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training. Trained in a company 233v
296 How did you end this training? Trained in a company 233
297 In which year did you end this training? 234
298 How long did this training last? 235
299 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 236
300 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 237
301 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 238
302 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 239
303 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 240
304 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: Extended training in a company. 241v
305 How did you end this training? Extended training in a company. 242
306 In which year did you end this training? 243
307 In which year did you end this training? 244
308 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 245
309 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 246
310 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 247
311 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 248
312 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 249
313 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: Training in a vocational training school 250v
314 How did you end this training? Training in a vocational training school 250
315 In which year did you end this training? 251
316 How long did this training last? 252
317 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 253
318 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 254
319 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 255
320 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 256
321 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 257
322 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: practically oriented college / university 258v
323 How did you end this training? practically oriented college / university 258
324 In which year did you end this training? 259
325 How long did this training last? 260
326 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 261
327 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 262
328 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 263
329 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 264
330 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 265
331 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: theoretically oriented college / university 266v
332 How did you end this training? theoretically oriented college / university 266
333 In which year did you end this training? 267
334 How long did this training last? 268
335 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 269
336 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 270
337 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 271
338 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 272
339 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 273
340 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: Doctoral studies 274v
341 How did you end this training? Doctoral studies 274
342 In which year did you end this training? 275
343 How long did this training last? 276
344 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 277
345 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 278
346 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 279
347 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 280
348 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 281
349 Now we would like some slightly more precise information about your training: Other training 282
350 In which year did you end this training? 283
351 How long did this training last? 284
352 Did you apply for recognition of your qualifications in Germany? 285
353 For which German profession did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 286
354 When did you apply for recognition of your qualifications? 287
355 Have you already received notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 288
356 When did you receive notification of either recognition or rejection of your qualifications? 289
357 Are you aiming to obtain a vocational qualification or a higher education / university qualification? 290
358 Which of the following qualifications are you aiming for? 291
359 Are you currently in training? This means: Are you attending a school or college / university (including doctoral studies), are you taking vocational training or are you taking a continuing professional development course? 292
360 What type of vocational training or continuing professional development course is it? 293
361 What type of general education establishment is it? 294
362 What type of college / university is it? 295
363 What type of vocational training is it? 296
364 What type of further training/retraining is that? 297
365 Health and Illness b041
366 How satisfied are you with your current health? 298
367 How would you describe your current state of health? 299
368 If you have to climb stairs, i.e. walk up several floors: Does your state of health restrict you a lot, a little or not at all? 300
369 And what about other strenuous activities in everyday life, e.g. when you have to lift something heavy or need to be mobile: Does your state of health restrict you a lot, a little or not at all? 301
370 How often in the last four weeks did you feel rushed or under time pressure? 302
371 How often in the last four weeks did you feel in low spirits and melancholy? 303
372 How often in the last four weeks did you feel calm and balanced? 304
373 How often in the last four weeks did you feel full of energy? 305
374 How often in the last four weeks did you suffer from severe physical pain? 306
375 How often in the last four weeks, due to health problems of a physical nature, did you achieve less in your work or everyday activities than you actually intended? 307
376 How often in the last four weeks, due to health problems of a physical nature, have you been restricted in the type of tasks you can perform in your work or everyday activities? 308
377 How often in the last four weeks, due to psychological or emotional problems, did you achieve less in your work or everyday activities than you actually intended? 309
378 How often in the last four weeks, due to psychological or emotional problems, did you perform your work or everyday activities less carefully than usual? 310
379 How often in the last four weeks, due to health or psychological problems, have you been restricted in terms of your social contact to for example friends, acquaintances or relatives? 311
380 Now let's talk about the last two weeks. How often have you felt negatively affected by the following complaints in the last two weeks? 312v
381 Little interest or pleasure in your activities? 312
382 Low spirits, melancholy or hopelessness? 313
383 Nervousness, anxiety or tension? 314
384 Unable to stop or control worrying? 315
385 Are you restricted in normal everyday activities by a health problem ? 316
386 Which of the following impairments restrict you? 317
387 Have you had this impairment for longer than six months? 318
388 Does this impairment affect the type of any possible employment activity? 319
389 Does this impairment affect the scope of any possible employment activity? 320
390 Attitudes and Personality Characteristics, Locus of Control, Reciprocity, Self-esteem, and Risk Aversion b042
391 Next are a couple of questions about attitudes, opinions and feelings. Some of them might seem a little strange to you. Please also try to answer these questions as they apply to your own situation and as spontaneously as possible. 321v
392 How often do you feel that you miss the company of others? 321
393 How often do you feel like an outsider? 322
394 How often do you feel socially isolated? 323
395 How often do you feel that you miss people from your country of origin? 324
396 And how strongly do you feel connected with your country of origin? 325
397 Did you feel that you were welcome when you arrived in Germany? 326
398 And how is it now: Do you feel welcome in Germany now? 327
399 The following statements indicate various attitudes to life and to the future. To what extent do you agree with the individual statements ? 328v
400 My life's direction depends on me. 328
401 In comparison with others, I haven't achieved what I deserved to achieve. 329
402 What can be achieved in life is mainly a result of fate or luck. 330
403 If you are socially or politically active, you can influence social circumstances. 331
404 I often find that other people dictate my life. 332
405 You must work hard to achieve success. 333
406 When I encounter difficulties in life, I often doubt my abilities. 334
407 The options that I have in life are determined by social circumstances. 335
408 The abilities we have are more important than the efforts we make. 336
409 I don't have much control over what happens in my life. 337
410 To what extent do the following statements apply to you personally? 338v
411 If someone does me a favour, I am willing to reciprocate it. 338
412 If someone does me a serious wrong, I will get my own back at any price at the next opportunity. 339
413 If somebody puts me in a difficult position, I will do the same to them. 340
414 I make particular effort to help someone who has previously helped me. 341
415 If someone insults me, I will insult them. 342
416 I am prepared to incur costs myself to help someone who has previously helped me. 343
417 I have a positive attitude about myself. 344
418 I try to think of how I can change difficult situations. 345
419 No matter what happens to me, I think I have my reactions under control. 346
420 I think I can develop further if I deal with difficult situations. 347
421 I actively seek ways to balance out the losses that have affected my in my life. 348
422 How do you rate yourself personally? In general, are you someone who is ready to take risks or do you try to avoid risks? 349
423 Religion and Faith b043
424 Do you belong to a church, religious community or faith? 350
425 Which other religious communities do you belong to? 351
426 Which Islamic denomination do you belong to? 352
427 Which religious community do you belong to? 353
428 Worries and Concerns b044
429 Do you worry about your own economic situation? 354
430 Do you worry about your health? 355
431 Do you worry about anti-foreigner sentiment and xenophobia in Germany? 356
432 Are you worried about the result of your asylum application? 357
433 Are you worried that you will be unable to stay in Germany? 358
434 Are you worried that you will be unable to return to your country of origin? 359
435 Do you worry about losing your job? 360
436 Expectations for School and Vocational Development in Germany b045
437 What do you think: How likely is it that the following things will apply to you in 2 years in Germany? 361v
438 How likely is it that you will have a job in 2 years' time in Germany? 361
439 How likely is it that you will be working independently in 2 years' time in Germany? 362
440 How likely is it that you will attend a school in 2 years' time in Germany? 363
441 How likely is it that you will be attending training or a continuing professional development course in 2 years' time in Germany? 364
442 How likely is it that you will be studying at a higher education establishment in 2 years' time in Germany? 365
443 Interest in Politics and in Political Parties in Country of Origin b046
444 Just a few very general points: How seriously are you interested in politics? 366
445 And what was the situation in your country of origin: Did you favour one particular party or political movement there? 367
446 (Aux) Dummy variable for the selection / filtering of the parties - set values <U+200B><U+200B>from question 2 accordingly. 368vd
447 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368a
448 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368b
449 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368c
450 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368d
451 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368e
452 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368f
453 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368g
454 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368h
455 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368j
456 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368k
457 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368l
458 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368m
459 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368n
460 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368o
461 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368p
462 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368q
463 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368r
464 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368s
465 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368t
466 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368u
467 Which party or political movement in your home country did you favour? 368
468 And how seriously did you favour this party or political movement there? 369
469 Assessment of Current Situation in Country of Origin b048
470 How would you personally assess the current situation in your country of origin regarding the following areas of life? 370v
471 How well has political freedom been achieved currently in your country of origin? 370
472 How well has civic freedom been achieved currently in your country of origin, such as the freedom to express opinions, right of assembly and an independent judiciary? 371
473 How well has freedom of the press and freedom of opinion been achieved currently in your country of origin? 372
474 How well is the right to practice religion or faith achieved currently in your country of origin? 373
475 How well is equal treatment of ethnic minorities achieved currently in your country of origin? 374
476 How well is equal treatment of men and women achieved currently in your country of origin? 375
477 Political Values and Role and Position of Women in Society b049
478 Please tell us the extent to which you agree with the following statements on forms of government. 376v
479 You need a strong leader who does not have to be concerned with a Parliament or elections. 376
480 Experts, not the Government, should decide what is best for the country. 377
481 There should be a democratic system. 378
482 Do you think that the following things are what should happen in a democracy or not? 379v
483 The government taxes the rich and supports the poor. 379
484 Religious leaders ultimately determine the interpretation of laws. 380
485 The people choose their government in free elections. 381
486 Civil rights protect the people from government oppression. 382
487 Minorities are protected. 383
488 Women have the same rights as men. 384
489 To what extent do you agree with the following statements? 385v
490 Having a job is the best way for a woman to be independent. 385
491 Even a married woman should have a paid job so that she can be financially independent. 386
492 If a woman earns more money than her partner, this inevitably leads to problems. 387
493 For parents, vocational training or higher education for their sons should be more important than vocational training or higher education for their daughters. 388
494 At home, the husband should have the final say. 389
495 Family in Germany and in Country of Origin, Plans for Family Members to Move to Germany, Financial Transfers to Relatives and Others Abroad b050
496 What is your marital status? 390
497 Where does your spouse live? 391
498 Are you planning to bring your spouse/registered partner to Germany? 392
499 Do you currently have a partner? 393
500 Where does your partner live? 394
501 Is your partner planning to come to Germany? 395
502 Do you have any brothers or sisters? 396
503 How many brothers and/or sisters (including half-brothers & half-sisters) do you have? 397
504 Where do your brothers &/or sisters live? 398
505 Are any of your brothers &/or sisters planning to come to Germany? 399
506 What do you think: How many of your brothers &/or sisters are planning to come to Germany? 400
507 Do you have or have you had children? 401
508 How many children do you have / did you have? 402
509 Start: Oldest Child k1start
510 Now we have a few questions about your children. If you have several children, please start with the oldest, then the second oldest and so on. The questions are asked for a maximum of 8 children. 403v
511 In what year was your first, so your oldest, child born? 403
512 Is this your son or your daughter? 404
513 Where does this child currently live? 405
514 Are you planning to bring this child to Germany? 406
515 End: Oldest Child k1end
516 Where does your mother currently live? 435
517 Is your mother planning to come to Germany? 436
518 Where does your father currently live? 437
519 Is your father planning to come to Germany? 438
520 Do you have other relatives with whom you are normally in close contact? 439
521 How many relatives do you have with whom you are normally in close contact? 440
522 Where do these relatives currently live? 441
523 Are any or possibly several of your relatives planning to come to Germany? 442
524 What do you think: How many of your relatives are planning to come to Germany? 443
525 How regularly are you in contact with members of your family or with friends / acquaintances in your country of origin? 444
526 Do you use any or several of the following ways to remain in contact with members of your family or friends / acquaintances in your country of origin? 445
527 Last year, meaning in 2015, did you personally make any payments or provide financial support to relatives or other persons who do not live in this household? 446
528 What total amount of money did you pay to support your parents or parents-in-law in 2015? 447
529 Where was the person who received these payments from you living? 448
530 What total amount of money did you pay to support your children in 2015? 449
531 Where was the person who received these payments from you living? 450
532 What total amount of money did you pay to support your spouse or former spouse 2015? 451
533 Where was the person who received these payments from you living? 452
534 What total amount of money did you pay to support other relatives in 2015? 453
535 Where was the person who received these payments from you living? 454
536 What total amount of money did you pay to support non-relatives in 2015? 455
537 Where was the person who received these payments from you living? 456
538 General Life Satisfaction b050a
539 How satisfied are you currently with your life in general? 457
540 Numbers and Figures Test (Short Cognitive Test) b051
541 We have prepared a short test for you called the “Symbol and number test". You can practise this first. 547
542 For this task, every number from 1 to 9 is assigned a particular symbol (see bottom bar). The objective is to enter the correct number for each symbol, and to do so as  quickly as possible. 548
543 Here we have a small example of a solution: 549
544 You can now use a few examples to familiarise yourself with the test. In our tests, we were able to achieve the fastest result by using the left hand to input the number and the right hand to press the Enter key. 550
545 Which number belongs to this symbol? 551
546 Many thanks, that was the example. Now we move on to the actual task itself. You have 90 seconds. Can we start? 552
547 Which number belongs to this symbol? 553
548 Your 90 seconds are up, so the test has ended. Thank you for taking part 554
549 Consent to Record Linkage b052
550 Consent to merge selected register data with your survey data from the LIVING IN GERMANY study! Why do we need your signature? In order to be able to better describe the situation of immigrants and their children in Germany, scientists require extreme accurate information that can be used in statistical analyses . We are therefore asking for your consent to incorporate the data collated by the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB) (Institute for Employment Research) in our evaluations.  The IAB is the Research Institute of the Federal Agency for Employment in Nuremberg. rl1
551 What kind of information is involved? The additional information relates to your previous working life, in other words, details about previous periods of employment and unemployment. Data protection is completely guaranteed. The Data Protection Act requires your consent to be able to merge these data with your survey data . All provisions under data protection law are observed, i.e.  your anonymity is fully guaranteed. Giving your consent is of course voluntary. You can also withdraw it at any time. rl2
552 I consent to the data held at the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB) in Nuremberg being included in the evaluation, merged exclusively with my  survey data from the LIVING IN GERMANY study and stored anonymously . The evaluation will take place in such a way that it will not be possible to associate the data with my identity. I have been informed that all data protection regulations will be observed. I reserve the right to withdraw my consent at any time. rl3
553 I consent to the data held at the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB) in Nuremberg being included in the evaluation, merged exclusively with my  survey data from the LIVING IN GERMANY study and stored anonymously . The evaluation will take place in such a way that it will not be possible to associate the data with my identity. I have been informed that all data protection regulations will be observed. I reserve the right to withdraw my consent at any time. rl4
554 May we contact you again and invite you to take part in follow-on surveys? You can, of course, revoke your consent at any time. w1
555 Consent to App Installation b053
556 Specifically for the study, we have developed an app which has the same name as the study. We would like to keep in touch with you, using this app, after you have completed the survey with the interviewer. We are interested to know how you have been since the survey and how your situation has developed. Via this app, at a regular interval of 4 times a year we will send you short surveys comprising around 10 questions. By way of a thank you, you will receive 10 Euros for completing the first two surveys and another 10 Euros for completing the last two surveys. You will receive both these amounts either as a mobile phone credit or as an Amazon voucher. For completing the four questionnaires you can therefore receive up to 20 Euros as mobile phone credits or Amazon vouchers. We would also like to send you, via this app, the latest news about the “Situation of refugees in Germany” at regular intervals so you always have the latest information. You can also use this app to update your contact details on a regular basis. This will help us invite you to the next survey, for which an interviewer would like to go through your current life situation again in detail. Thank you for your help! This app is, of course, also available in German, English, Arabic, Urdu, Pashto, Farsi and Kurmanji. ap1
557 If you want, we can install the app on your Smartphone, enter the code and update your user account together. ap2
558 Thank you for being willing to download the app. Your personal participation code is: ap3
559 Have you given your consent to geo-localisation and entered an e-mail address? ap4
560 Many thanks for taking part in this interview. To conclude the interview properly, the interviewer must now answer a few questions. These questions are designed to help us understand the information in the interview better. And we shall also use them to establish whether, in certain areas, we can do anything even better in future surveys. l1v
561 Interviewer’s Assessment of How the Interview Went and Participation by Third Parties in the Interview b054
562 How well did it go interviewing the respondent in German? i1
563 How often did you use the written translations in this interview? i2
564 How helpful were the written translations in this interview? i3
565 How often did you use the audio files in this interview? i4
566 How helpful were the audio files in this interview? i5
567 Did other people help in translating questions due to language difficulties? i6
568 What language did the interpreter translate into? i7
569 Approximately how old is the interpreter? i8
570 Is the interpreter male or female? i9
571 What language did the other person translate into? i10
572 Approximately how old is the other person? i11
573 Is the other person male or female? i12
574 Were other people present when the questionnaire was being completed aside from the interviewer? i13
575 Did the other person or people have any unavoidable influence on the interview? i14
576 Aside from linguistic difficulties or the presence of other people, other things can have an effect on an interview. Examples include questions dealing with sensitive issues, questions that do not reflect respondents’ life realities, or a respondent’s general lack of trust in the confidentiality of their answers. How closely do you as an interviewer think the responses given in this interview reflect reality? i15
577 Is there any other important information that you would like to add about this interview? i16
578 Implementation of the interview b055
579 Whats' the date today? a
580 How was the interview conducted? b
581 Duration of the interview: c
582 Thank you very much for your cooperation! d
Instrument info

Name: soep-core-2016-pb-m34

Label: Individual and Biography (M3/M4) 2016


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DDI on Rails, designed and built by Marcel Hebing.
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